The 9 English Values

From the early English times we can find a value system and culture based upon the 9 English worths. They supply stamina of the psyche, regard for others and your community.

Early English were a really family members and also community based individuals and also we could discover much from this. Our forefathers were an individuals we can find out a lot from. The values below are as pertinent today as they ever before were. Research study them. Discover them by rote.

  1. Nerve and altruism
  2. Truth
  3. Honour
  4. Integrity
  5. Technique and obligation
  6. Friendliness
  7. Assiduity
  8. Self-direction
  9. Willpower

These 9 Values could mean a variety of points to a variety of individuals. Right here is one set of interpretations:

  1. Be Brave, stand up for youself and also just what you think. Do not transform the other cheek.
  2. Be sincere with on your own. If you lie be honest to others, you just youngster yourself.
  3. Believe in your self. As well as the people. Stand by just what you think.
  4. Remain true to your on your own, your family, faith (in England,) and individual.
  5. Develop self technique and also inner stamina instead than relying on various other stimulus. Follow these values.
  6. Your fireplace needs to be welcoming to family members and people and also aid those in need.
  7. Strive to achieve your goals and make strong your psyche.
  8. Attempt not to count on others, do just what you could yourself.
  9. Life is a tough path sometimes, however press on your own on till you reach your goal.

The wonderful story of The English Language

Knowing English is made easier by understanding the history of the English language. A defined timeline of dates is given listed below. To show the growth of English language this timeline looks at the translation of the Bible into English and the progressive working of ‘The Lords Prayer’.

The 3 hundred most commonly used words on planet Earth in addition to precede travel originated from a word set (English,) over a thousand years of ages and the language that produced them is English, one of the most effective tongue ever before known to guy. The English language is steeped in Nordic myth as well as Gods, as well as birthed of the forest, the sea, traveling as well as it is one of the most successful language communicated in the warmth of fight. It is the language of the English Shieldwall, the sea, and also the land. The language of battle, art, science. It has actually triggered the best of authors. It is the language of modern human song, science, as well as discovering. Knowing English is made easier by understanding the timeline of the English language below.

Its beginnings were a struggle as it competed with other languages, as well as surprisingly it mirrored the struggle to bring to the English people a translation of the bibles from the Latin, which likewise dropped naturally right into four periods corresponding to changes in the English language. The third duration is from regarding 1450 to 1750, called Early Modern English; and also after 1750 we have just Modern English, the language that we talk today.

449 AD: Beginnings of the English language. Starts of Old English (OE)

The history of our language, English could be traced back to the arrival of three effective Germanic people to the breaking down Roman swarm of Britannia during the mid 5th Century AD. Jutes, Angles and also Saxons as well as went across the North Sea from what is contemporary Denmark and north Germany. The primitive Romano Brython residents back then talked in Brythonic or a Brythonic/ Latin dialect. This language was promptly displaced in addition to the inhabitants who were pressed right into Wales, Scotland as well as Cornwall where one team ran away to the Brittany Coast of France – their offspring still live there as Bretons or Brythons to today. The Angles were named from Engle, their land of beginning. Their language, a West Germanic language was called Englisc where the word English acquires, their new country they called Engle land or Englalond. An Anglo-Saxon runic engraving dated between 450 as well as 480AD is the earliest known example of the English language.

500 AD– 800 AD. Regia Anglorum. The 7 Kingdoms of the English.

During the following few centuries 4 dialects of English created:.

Northumbrian in Northumbria, Angles north of the Humber Mercian in the Kingdom of Mercia. ‘Middle’ Angles West Saxon in the Kingdom of Wessex.

During the 8th as well as 7th Centuries, Northumbria’s culture and language controlled England as well as all the lowlands of what is now Scotland including Edinburgh or Edwin’s burh to the East as well as Dumfries and the South Western coast.

7th century: Church Latin enhancements to English.

The Anglo Saxons start their struggle to equate the holy bible from Latin.
The Germanic tribes from Engle, Jutland and also Saxony were heathens when they invaded the British Isles in the fifth century, yet 2 hundred years later on during the 7th century the Anglo-Saxons were transformed to Christianity by the efforts of two various groups of promoters, which resulted in 2 various types of Christianity in England. An illiterate rancher called Cædmon, after hearing some Bible tales from the clergymans at Whitby, set about discovering English writing and turned some of the stories into poetic songs in his own language. In the eighth century we have an account of the “Venerable” Bede (a learned teacher at Jarrow, also in the north of England) translating the Gospel of St. John right into Old English on his deathbed (735 AD).

793 AD – 900 AD. Nordic fusion. The Viking gift to the English language.

By the 10th Century, the West Saxon dialect of Wessex came to be the official language of England. Written Old English is mainly understood from this duration. The Latin alphabet was later brought over from Ireland by Christian promoters and also this has actually stayed the creating system of English, although the Englisc 33 rune futhark continues to be utilized for esoteric and also ritual purposes to this day.

The Anglo-Sa

 

xon 33 rune futhark.

Currently, the vocabulary of Old English included an Anglo Saxon base with additional words from the closely comparable Scandinavian languages (Danish and Norse) and Latin derived from Christian church use. Latin gave English words like street, cooking area, kettle, cup, cheese, wine, angel, candle, saint, and diocesan. The Vikings included several Norse words: skies, egg, cake, skin, leg, home window (wind eye), husband, fellow, skill, temper, flat, strange, unsightly, get, give, take, increase, call, die, they, their, them. Essentially no Brythonic words survived to enter the English language, just a few location as well as river names, so extensive was the utter loss of the previous Brythonic society.

Many pairs of English as well as Norse words coexist in contemporary English offering us 2 words with the same or slightly differing definitions, and also it is recognized that right up till the mid 11th century that English, Norwegians, Danes and Icelanders might make themselves understood to every other. The Norman intrusion damaged this old Nordic link, nonetheless we know through the Icelandic sagas that Icelanders regularly concerned the English mead halls as’ scopes’ (tale tellers) which treaties and also vows were made between these individuals with no reference of interpreters.

In mapping the family tree of Old Englisc to modern-day English, we should state a parallel between the language as well as the growth of a heathen society into one which was Christian, because from the moment the Englisc got the bibles and also the Latin holy bible they started their job of making words of God obtainable to all individuals, not just the priesthood who recognized Latin.

The 9th century: Old English translation of the Psalms by King Alfred.

At the beginning of the nine century, the north as well as eastern parts of England were attacked by an additional Germanic individuals called the Danes or Northmen. They were a heathen individuals, and did much harm to the monasteries where the Scriptures were duplicated. From this period we have a traditionally crucial manuscript recognized as the Vespasian Psalter, which was composed in the central part of England called Mercia. It includes an interlinear Old English translation of the Psalms. The Danes were at that time progressing via Mercia, yet to the end of the ninth century the Anglo-Saxon militaries finally stopped them, as well as held on to the south and west under the solid leadership of King Alfred The Great. Alfred likewise ended up being a champ of the Scriptures. Around the year 900 he prefixed to his code of regulations as well as a few other parts of Exodus; and also he is also reported to have started a version of the Psalms. Once more one more wonderful step to enable the usual individuals in finding out English.

10th century: The Lindisfarne Gospels -The Northern Dialect is made use of.

Throughout the tenth century Alfred’s followers pertained to control the new populace of Danes, as well as, due to the fact that the culture as well as language of the Danes was similar to that of the Anglo-Saxons, the newbies were progressively absorbed into the population of the northeast and also Christianized. About the year 950 the “Northumbrian Gloss on the Gospels” (an interlinear Old English translation, in the north language) was contributed to the renowned illuminated manuscript called the Lindisfarne Gospels.

Shortly then a priest of Yorkshire (Northern England) named Farman interlined another Latin manuscript with a colloquial translation of the Gospel of Matthew (this is included in the manuscript called the Rushworth Gospels). At the end of the tenth century there showed up in the southern a confidential version of the four Gospels in idiomatic English, called the West-Saxon Gospels or Wessex Gospels and 7 copies of it have actually come down to us. Also currently an academic priest named Ælfric in Dorsetshire was converting a number of discourses into English, Ælfric went on to generate an abridged English variation of the Pentateuch.

Learning English usually came via contact with the church as well as the Bible itself. Here is the Old English variation of the Lord’s Prayer (Matthew 6:9 -13), as given up the West Saxon Gospels. Below we see the difference in between the Old English of the 10th century along with its resemblance to contemporary English in these opening lines:.

Old English – ‘The Lord’s Prayer’.
Fæder ure þu þe eart on heofonum,.
Si þin nama gehalgod.
to becume þin rice, gewurþe ðin willa,.
on eorðan swa on heofonum.
urne gedæghwamlican hlaf syle us todæg,.
and also forgyf us ure gyltas,.
Our dad which art in paradise.
Hallowed be thy name.
Thy kingdom come, thy will be done.
on earth as it remains in paradise.
Offer us now our daily bread.
forgive us our trespasses …

The 1054 AD Schism: The English stage an ecclesiastic change.

When Canute passed away, Ethelred’s son Edward originated from Normandy to be King. Due to the fact that he had been raised in Normandy by a Norman mom, he was thoroughly French in culture as well as links, as well as he appointed numerous Normans to offices in England. He was likewise very much intoxicated of Rome (which tightly controlled the French churches), and so he appointed many Norman clerics to lucrative and also effective nonreligious workplaces. Acting in behalf of the Pope he likewise selected an accordingly loyal Norman to be the Archbishop. In this nonetheless, he was strongly opposed by the powerful earls in England, who eliminated the Norman archbishop as well as place in his location an Englishman. The Pope, being incensed at this “schismatic” action, unchurched the English archbishop, and also gave his support to the Duke of Normandy’s plans for an invasion of England.

1066 AD: The brutal reductions of the Old English language.

The job of centuries to bring the Latin holy bible to the English in their very own tongue is ended. The tale of the attempts of the Anglo-Saxons to produce an Old English variation of the Bible comes to an unfortunate end when the Norman army under William the Conqueror subdued as well as got into England in the year 1066. In spite of being of Nordic lineage himself, having actually matured in Normandy, William brought with him a new French-speaking gentility, and a Norman French clergy, that had just ridicule and also hostility for the new Old English versions. The Normans promptly set up a church organisation which was utterly hostile to the vernacular English versions, as well as which served to advertise the political rate of interests of the gentility and also of the Pope of Rome. The Nordic regard for fairly equal rights for women vanished as did the principle of a Christian society where every guy can understand words said in his local church by his priest. Yet this yoke was ultimately to fall short. English would prevail.

1066 AD– 1350 AD: The Norman Yoke. Norman French language controls.

We currently get in a dark age for both the English folk culture and the English language, as the Norman Yoke birthed down in all it’s oppressive might, stifling the natural usage of English as the language of church, court, regulation, learning, medicine and literature as it was rejected by the judgment Norman class usually. For three hundred years English was efficiently driven underground- it became the language of the illiterate and bad, a criminal. One reason why the English are genetically se resistant to talking as well as finding out various other languages.

1150– 1450 AD: The starts of Middle English – The survival of English versus the chances.

Yet the English language made it through to arise when the Black Death of 1350 made the feudal system, utilized by the Norman upper class to harness English peasants in virtual enslavement impossibility, as a result of the lack of work. This sudden change of lot of money for the peasant course saw the re-emergence of English language prominence over a French language, which had actually likewise altered, the style talked in England having itself come to be archaic. During this years we see a court, when so contemptuous, beginning to speak the language of the commoner-English.

The English people had actually been forced for 3 centuries to talk French if they wished to show up in an official setup with their betters, such as in a law court, and also this had actually changed the indigenous language as Norman French words had actually been added to the daily word stockpile.

1386- 1400 AD: The regeneration of English literature – A language is reborn.

The wonderful author and also revivalist of finding out the English language – Geoffrey Chaucer wrote his masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales, in Middle English in the late 1300s advertising the dawn of the brand-new age of learning created and talked English:.

An excellent guy was there of religioun.
That was a pore Persone of a community;.
However rich he was of holy thought and also werk;.
He was also a lerned guy, a staff,.
that Christes gospel trewly wolde preche.

This honorable ensample to his shepe he gaf,.
That initially he wrought as well as afterwards he taught.

A far better priest I trow that no place non is,.
He waited after no pompe ne respect;.
Ne maked him no spiced principles,.
Christes tradition and his apostles twelve.
He taught, however first he folwed it himselve.” 553.
Chaucer. 1380.

1380 AD: John Wyclif’s translation begins to spread through England.

Once more the light was melting brightly as a brand-new devout scholar of Old Saxon family tree called John Wycliffe meant Wyclif, Wycliff, Wiclef, Wycliffe, Wicliffe, or Wickliffe) (mid-1320s– 31 December 1384) used up the reason for bringing the English people a scriptures they can review themselves.

1500 AD: The Great English Vowel Shift.

The wonderful printer William Caxton established the initial printing machine in England at the end of the 15th century as well as with its usage the language started to take the primary steps toward standardisation. The duration from 1500 to concerning 1650 is called Early Modern English, a period throughout which notable sound changes, syntactic modifications and word enrichment occurred, although in some areas such as in Scotland’s Lowlands as well as North Eastern England the Old English vowels can be still be heard ‘oot’ for ‘out’ is but one instance. The Great English Vowel Shift, which methodically moved the phonetic worths of all the lengthy vowels in English, occurred throughout this duration.

Syntactic arrangement came to be a lot more taken care of in a subject-verb-object pattern, as well as English established a complex supporting verb system. A rush of brand-new vocabulary from the timeless languages, the modern European languages, and more distant trading partners such as the nations of Asian minor as well as the Middle East got in the language as the renaissance affects of society and profession as well as the emerging scientific neighborhood of Europe settled in England.

English literature in THE GOLDEN AGE– the ‘bard’ William Shakespeare.

William Shakespeare, the best playwright in the English language created prolifically during the late 1500s and also early 1600s and also, like Chaucer, took the language into new and also creative literary area. His impact on English drama as well as verse continuouslied expand after his death in 1616 and also he has never ever been surpassed as the very best understood as well as most read poet/playwright of contemporary English. Shakespeare’s Globe theatre on the south bank of the River Thames in London has been recreated to show his job.

1525 AD: Tyndale attempts to bring the New Testament to the English Early Modern English.

Like Wyclif, William Tyndale was committed to taking the Bible directly to the people. Printing began at Cologne, but when the authorities forbade the task, Tyndale left to Worms, where 6,000 copies were published and also offered in England by April of 1526. Official resistance in England led to the damage of many of these early duplicates.

1536 AD: Tyndale is executed. The English Bible is checked out extensively.

Tyndale did not live to finish his Old Testament translation. On May 21, 1535, he was apprehended as well as later executed for heresy at Vilvorde, Belgium, on October 6, 1536. His passing away petition was that the Lord would open up the eyes of the King of England. He left a manuscript consisting of the translation of the historical books from Joshua to 2 Chronicles that was lastly published in 1537.

Complying with in the fantastic practice of Wyclif in the military of Reformers, Tyndale holds the difference of being the very first male to ever print the New Testament in the English language. Tyndale was a real scholar and a brilliant, so well-versed in 8 languages that it was stated one would certainly think any kind of one of them to be his native tongue. He is often described as the “Architect of the English Language”, in addition to William Shakespeare as so many of the phrases Tyndale created are still in our language today.

1611 AD: The King James Bible.

The King James Bible is released and also notes the conclusion of at least a thousand years of efforts to bring a Bible created in the native language of the people right into the Church establishment and also into people’s houses. Among the usual people, whose call with literature often did not go far past the Bible, the language of the scriptures as provided in this version appointed by King James I was deeply prominent, due in part to its spiritual relevance, but likewise to its literary high quality. Its straightforward style and also use of indigenous vocabulary had a going beyond charm that still reverberates today.

1700 AD: English colonise the ‘New World’ and it’s Empire expands.

By the 1700s mostly all of the contemporary syntactic patterns of English remained in location as well as the language is easily readable by modern-day speakers. Colonisation of new territories by the freshly joined Kingdom of Great Britain spread out English to the far corners of the globe and brought cargoes of still more loanwords from those distant areas. At this point English began to develop its major world dialectal ranges, several of which would become nationwide criteria for recently independent colonies. By the 21st century, as the language of worldwide service, scientific research, and pop culture, English has become one of the most vital language on the planet and is the best present from the English people to the World.

1963 AD: Late Modern English– ‘The Lord’s Prayer’ – The New Testament in Modern English (1963, tr. Phillips).

Our Heavenly Father, might your name be honoured;.
May your kingdom come, as well as your will be done in the world as it remains in Heaven.
Give us today the bread we require,.
Forgive us what we owe to you, as we have actually likewise forgiven those who owe anything to us.
Maintain us free from temptation, as well as save us from evil.

A study on Wodenism in England and Northern Europe

Intro– Christianity and also Wodensim

England is now asserted to be a multi-faith country, yet is essentially still Christian or relates to Christian worths and also the Ten Commandments. A system of idea that has held England via scarcity, pestilence and also battles. Yet Christianity is a Middle Eastern belief in its origins. Its growth from initial followings in Rome was led by the bravery of Christian monks (especially Irish monks,) as well as lay preachers. Before it was a different set of ideas based upon Northern Gods. As well as let us not neglect that the whole of continental Europe was non-Christian for a long period of time after Christianity made its look in Italy. Christianity brought a various alphabet based upon the Greek, (Ελληνικά) as well as a much more easy set of values. It brought literacy and gave value to the ‘learned’ and the intellectually take on, instead of an illiterate warrior elite. Regardless of the conventional nature of Protestantism (melting witches,) and Catholicism (Inquisition,) the Christian confidence drove individuals on to attain at an ever before boosting speed. We could be experiencing for this achievement currently (the atmosphere.).

To recognize the English and the origins of the language one need to look to Woden and Wodenism to see how the language was first created. Making use of runes and also poems and also stories to pass on language and also background. Regardless of their illiteracy the Anglo-Saxon peoples had the 9 worths or virtues. They attempted to keep in equilibrium with nature, just like First Nation Indian individuals in the United States, rejecting communities and large structures, favoring a country life. Early English individuals of the movement period of around 449 AD led a life with harsh laws and a family members and dress framework. The Roman chronicler Tacitus tells of how ‘lawbreakers and also sodomists’ were drowned in bogs by the Germanic peoples. They were exactly what they were, warriors (consisting of the Women,) and followers of Woden– the God of battle.

WODEN– Warrior God of the very early English people.

When the English went across the North Sea in 449 AD to fight for land in the country they named after their old homeland Englalond or England- land of the Engles or Angles, they also brought their Nordic Gods with them, principal of which was Woden, the warrior God.

It is very likely that he was an actual individual– a poet as well as story bank employee– birthed in Odense in Denmark in the 2nd Century AD. He went from directly popularity to being idolised to being a God.

Towns and locations of these nations were named in his honour. Right here, in England we have Wednesbury, (Woden’s fortress), Wednesfield and Wansdyke in the vale of Pewsey to discuss however a couple of and recommendations to Woden crop up in all parts of the country in the north as well as south. Wednesday suggests Woden’s Day.

The Anglo Saxon Royal Houses.

The upper class of the Old English viewed on Woden as their own as well as the majority of mapped their royal family bloodlines back to him, with the exception of the Kings of Essex who mapped their beginnings to Seaxnot or Tiw the God that offered us Tuesday or Tiw’s Day.

Woden was characteristically Germanic, a God gotten in touch with fight and also human sacrifice, undoubtedly it is tape-recorded that Aelle, initially King of Sussex, having actually beat the Romano-Brythonic residents of Pevensey fortress in the 5th century, put every person to the sword in honour of the victory offered to him by Woden. Bede the Northumbrian Anglo-Saxon historian of the 6th Century informs us that Hengist as well as Horsa, the initial leaders that cleared up in Kent with their followers in 449 AD were likewise come down from Woden.

It was additionally Woden’s role as God of battle, to select which warriors were to live and also which to pass away. Remarkably ladies were not excluded from worshipping him, as well as there were well-known English women warriors who stood together with their menfolk in battle, such as the Mercian Priness Ethelfleda, daughter of Alfred the Great. The English genetics prevailed and also women once again stand equal.

On the various other hand Woden was also connected with recovery and with the oracle of the runes, an early form of writing.

A wyrm (serpent) came creeping. Woden took nine splendor branches. That it split right into nine”.
In this poem we see therapist, mystic, runemaster as well as God. The “Glory Twigs” are more than likely rune ‘tines’ on which the very first letter of the name of each herb were carved. Implicit is the pointer that like the God, the sufferer can battle the adder’s poisonous substance since he has secret knowledge in order to help him.

In 1993, a new illustration of the Long Man was uncovered, made by land surveyor, John Rowley, in 1710. The new illustration has validated some concepts and resolved others. It suggests that the original number was a darkness or indentation in the turf instead of a solid line; there were face attributes that are no longer noticeable; the teams being held were not a rake as well as a scythe as once explained as well as the head was as soon as a distinct helmet shape, providing credence to the suggestion of the figure as a helmeted war-god. That battle God is Woden. And the initial summary was potentially made by Ælle of the South Saxons, initially King of Sussex. It is really just like lots of recognized depictions of Woden.

Wodenism today.

In the present spiritual void where political expediency as well as ‘correctness’ has actually changed a true, deep idea system within the well established state Christian church, some English people are coming to be connected once more to the earth relevant genealogical confidence practised 1500 years back in our country. Woden has followers up and down England as the heathen belief seems to provide ethical worths and also eternal facts, which are lacking from modern life.

Additional information:.

  • B.Branston. The Lost Gods of England. London 1957.
  • Gale Owen. Civil liberties as well as Religions of the Anglo Saxons.
  • Barnes and also Noble Books 1996 ISBN 0-88029-9046-3.
  • Bede, Tacitus. Gods as well as Myths of Northern Europe. Oxford University Press.

The Old English Runes– an one-of-a-kind English heritage.

I could still recall the joy I felt in discovering that our people, far from being tacky as well as uneducated had an old language of symbols shared by the Nordic races which they brought to this country. More than just an alphabet the runes were likewise an oracle, could develop curses as well as cures-in brief they were magical.

To touch a rune stone and trace its angular lines we are coming into touch with our spiritual past in a really individual means.

The Anglo-Saxon 33 rune futhark.

The poem of the Runes:.

” I held on the windy tree via 9 days and nights,.
I was struck with a spear and also offered to Odin (Woden/Wotan).
Myself offered to myself.
I peered downwards, I took up the runes,.
Shouting I took them, after that I fell back”.

That is the practice as to how they were discovered, but what are they? How can we use them in day-to-day modern-day life?

The cutting of runes is extremely ancient and could well return thousands of years.

Rune rhymes exist in English, Norwegian and also Icelandic and without these we would have had excellent trouble in analyzing these strange icons. There are simply two total English rune alphabets enduring, one of which is on the blade of a magnificently inlaid langseax discovered in the Thames.

Other sorts of runes were made use of throughout Germany, Sweden, Norway as well as Denmark. The oldest runes are referred to as Elder Futhark via to Gothic runes, Younger Futhork, Danish Futhark and more. Runes were utilized into the 11th Century.

When Christianity pertained to this land most heads of family members might ‘tell’ the runes, yet this was subdued by the church authorities as being connected with heathenism as well as the ‘dark arts’. It represented a folk custom that was not known or recognized (or controllable) by the priesthood and also was prohibited as belonging to ‘witchcraft’, however the making of runes continued up until the 12th century in England.

To cast the runes is a straightforward process, and includes expertise of the signs and a level of intuition, nevertheless the best runes are those you have actually made. Normally small, level river rocks or items of elder or birch are utilized for this objective. The numbers are after that paintinged or sculpted into their surfaces and the finished set maintained in a small bag. The rune set is just used by its proprietor.

There are a number of academic pieces on the runes and also their significances as well as lots of preferred books on the topic. which provide aid in analyzing them and also useful recommendations on various methods of setting them out. If it has a couple of more stones to find out, the Anglo Saxon rune system is our really own and also well worth discovering and also making use of even. There is much in-depth details offered and the subject is truly inspiring perhaps even life altering.

Introduction

Lots of people have questioned who the English really are and where they come from. This timeline sets out to answer that. The English are a Germanic race of people. Engles, Jutes and also Saxons. It discovers the English to be a very old people certainly. It explains several of the enigmas regarding the beginnings of the ethnic English. And also informs of where some of the ancient symbology and old myths originates from. The White Dragon, Woden (Wotan,) and the Steadfast sword. It takes around 20 minutes to read. I suggest that it will be an useful read certainly.

The First English and their old beginnings– a Scythian race?

The resource stories of both the English and also Scandinavian cultures declare that the Kings of both individuals stemmed from family members which came out of old Black Sea/Macedonian people. Jointly they are referred to as the people of Allfather from the Middle Enclosure. The English tales declare descent from old Troy. The Scandinavians claim descent from the faraway south-eastern city of Asgaard, which not exists as a matter of fact or in the historical record. The Gauls Gallic tradition claims their descent from warrior tribes forced to roam landless out of the region of the Black Sea, through Europe, to the ends of the globe … including the Britannic Island: Albion. Diodorus Siculus around 90 BC to 30 BC was a Greek historian, born at Agyrium in Sicily (now called Agira,) that defines the Gauls as a Germanic or Nordic kind people.

” The Gauls are high of body with rippling muscle mass and also white of skin and their hair is blond, and not only normally so for they additionally make it their practice by man-made means to raise the distinct colour which nature has actually provided it.”
Tacitus the Roman in his publication The Germania (De Origine et situ Germanorum) describes the Germanic people as having Red hair, and also blue eyes, as well as are of a large size. This is the same description that Herodutus provides of the Scythians based on the Black Sea previously in 500 BC. (See below.) Right now there were 80 Germanic tribes. Some will be described later on.

The Anglo-Saxon historian Bede records that the Picts own oral history declared their descent from a tribe that moved from Scythia to the North Sea, then in long ships west by sea to Northern Albion (Pictland). Almost certainly via Norway.

The ‘Celt’ myth and its answer.

Is this then why ‘Celtic’ (a made up word,) historians obtain puzzled by claiming that modern-day Anglo-Saxon English and also pre-Roman British (Alba) people are related with DNA. Thus incorrectly claiming ‘we are all Celt’. As a matter of fact the Picts’/ Nordic-Scandinavians/ Saxons and also certainly most of the Welsh are all related Germanic/ Black Sea individuals who have actually developed separately. They simply showed up in Alba/ British mainland at various times. They are Scythians. Irish Gaelic kind ‘Celts’ they are not. The Picts got here initially– to be examined by the Romans and also the Roman invasion of the British Isles, to after that have a new age of Scythian individuals show up some four hundred years after the Romans had the Saxon Advent in 449 AD. It answers the Celtic misconception. In reality there is little if any historic valid basis for the Celts, words being modern, testified from 1707. In the late 17th century the job of scholars such as Edward Lhuyd. It has more to do with ‘Irish revivalism’ than anything else.

The Gaelic Irish

The Irish Gaels show different genetics to the English, many of the Welsh as well as Pictish Scots, as well as have a various history completely. The Irish are in truth a totally non-Germanic non-Black Sea peoples. The Irish come right into English history through their nerve in promoting Christianity.

The Vikings.

They as well as various other Scanian individuals less the Finns who have a various origin, were those Germanic peoples who did not leave Scandinavia, yet paused a while to start various Viking invasions of mainland Britain as well as Europe from 700 ADVERTISEMENT onwards. In the UK tv program ‘Blood of the Vikings’, the job group discovered it difficult to inform the English Anglo-Saxon DNA from the Scandinavian Viking. Because they are the same Germanic people.

The Black Sea Origins of the English.

Probably the ethnic English, also, appeared of the eastern Mediterranean/Black Sea region following a forced displacement … evacuees from western Asia going into the Northern reaches of a welcoming new post-glacial paradise. The secret to the enigma might lie in the post-glacial variable …

With melting perma-ice the seas climbed for centuries after the Ice Age finished, as well as ultimately inundated what now plannings to have been a high Neolithic society existing in the Mesolithic Age, around the Black Sea basin, then several hundred feet listed below existing sea level. Essentially settlements around a tiny inland lake.

Evidence indicate the dispersal of that society after the very sudden flooding of the Black Sea basin (after the breaching of the Dardanelles) by rising Mediterranean Sea levels, over six thousand years earlier.

If the Black Sea flood was certainly Noah’s flood of the Christian Bible popularity, and also all of the displaced tribes had to take a trip much, in all directions, to find brand-new homes for themselves, it would certainly go far to discuss the lots of comparable beginning stories amongst the Nordic/ Germanic Pictish as well as Germanic Engles and also Saxons. That makes the English a very old individuals. And the large shock of fact for the Pictish Scots and also numerous of the Welsh as well as the English is that they share a common heritage.

If there was a centre of high society in the pre-flood Black Sea basin, it would certainly have been a very early Neolithic city. Such a centre of commerce would have attracted tribes from around the Black Sea basin, and past. It included sufficient distinctive tribes to have actually gained an online reputation for confusion … a tower of Babel if it was Noah’s city.

Asgard? Initial residence of the English?

Elsewhere North of that Scythian region, along the program of the Don River, it is said that the legendary city of Asgard additionally rested, safeguarding the way from Asia into Europe; as long ago that there was no trace of it left when Rome held the entrances to Asia. As soon as was a transitional Mesolithic people serving the people of those central plains, probably there. A human being which had briefly, someplace in that huge, endless country, the shed town of the Nordic gods. A place used by the ancestors of the English on their relocation northwards.

Proof of Nordic Peoples in Scythia – Herodotus

As has actually been mentioned above. The English could have been found out about 500 years prior to Christ. The only historic proof of Nordic peoples in this area prior to the Roman period is the account of Scythia by Herodotus (500 BC) in which he creates:

” The Budini, a effective and also numerous country, all have noticeably blue-grey eyes and also red hair; there is a community in their region called Gelonus, all built of timber, both dwelling-houses and temples, with a high wood wall surface round it, thirty furlongs each means. There are temples here in honour of Greek gods, decorated after the Greek fashion with altars, statuaries, as well as temples – though all created of wood; a triennial event, with the appropriate festivity, is kept in honour of Dionysus …
The language of the Budini is fairly different, as, indeed, is their society normally: they are a pastoral individuals that have actually constantly resided in this part of the country …”.

As there were no blue-eyed, red haired individuals living in Scythia by the time of Roman supremacy, these people need to have transplanted in the North. Did the Angles and also Saxons swap the Black Sea for the Baltic and also North (Nordic) Sea by way of extensive migration?

The only various other point which Herodotus mentions which is peculiarly Nordic in material is the account of a one-eyed people living far to the north of Scythia whose gold stockpiles are guarded by lions. This might be a telling of the all-seeing one-eyed god Wotan (the Saxon God Woden,) and obviously the dragons which were believed to dwell underground safeguarding their gold heaps. The future White Dragon of the English?

Enter the White Dragon of the English.

The vivid summary of the dragon as a worm, coming out only at night when it is seen blazing through evening skies cloaked in flame, and also doomed to seek out stockpiles in the ground completely explains meteor strikes and also shooting celebrities. They come to ground to bury prize stockpiles deep in the planet. It is the factor why The English share so much folklore with the Nordic Vikings.

Due north of the Black Sea is Scandinavia. The former Budini peoples, the Angles and also Saxons moved due North, with their family members, Traditions, myths as well as gods. These ancient English would certainly have promptly developed an identical team that might easily punch above their weight as well as battle off bigger people of unidentified individuals.

Caesar defines the relocation of the Helvetti in his job Gallic War. 263,000 individuals moved with big baggage trains. The Germanic Scythians would have been the exact same.

Alba– Albion– Land of Picts and Britons.

Britain as is today was called Alba at the time the Angles and Saxons were moving north some 6000 years ago and occupying Scania. It was inhabited by Hibernians. They inhabited the land before the arrival of the Germanic Brythonic individuals, and the Germanic/ Nordic Picts. The Picts came from Norway into Scotland by means of the Shetlands. They were of the same Black Sea ancestry as the Angles and also Saxons. It is true that long before the Saxon Advent of 449 AD Germanic people were working out along the east coat of Alba. Much of the Welsh or Wealh in old English indicating foreigner or servant were the teutonic Gauls who by Gallic practice a ‘made it’ to Alba. Plainly social language distinctions remain to now.

Yet as time was to play out and we quick onward momentarily, the Brythons (very much like the Teutonic Gauls,) were dominated by the Romans creating the Romano-Brythons. After the carnages of the male populaces by the Romans complying with the loss of Boudica’s revolt in AD 60 or 61, the Brythons started to take on a really Roman look. A brief Mediterranean sort of individuals began to inhabit exactly what we know as Alba or Britain. Not the tall Germanic individuals who looked like the Gauls. Alba ended up being Romanized with different squabbling disparate Romano-Brythonic tribes under Roman control, that ironically typically utilized Saxon as well as other continental Germanic tribes to maintain the peace. And also keep the Picts out of Roman lands! Little did the Romano-Brythons recognize of the particular for motion that these Germanic hirelings inevitably had within them.

1000 BC: The English cross the Baltic Sea to Jutland.

Some 3000 years ago the Scanian people moved across the Baltic and occupied the Jutland and also thence south to inhabit the lands of the Rhine, Elbe as well as Wesser. This wonderful breakthrough into just what is currently Germany was helped by various Nordic individuals coming at different times across the Baltic. Sea going skills, toughness and also re-deployment of the ancient skills of removing woodland to form burghs and Grubenhausen came to the fore.

250 BC: Move into the Germanic Central Uplands.

Around 2250 years ago these Nordic individuals began to relocate into the Central Uplands of Germany from the Jutland peninsula. Over the adhering to 200 years these people took control of the land between the Rhine and also the Vistula, and also the Danube and the Baltic. They were so effective that they spread out throughout large locations. They came to be 3 Germanic peoples:.

  • Germans of the Sea.
  • Germans of the Forest.
  • Germans of the Steps.

50 BC to 150 ADVERTISEMENT: The Germanic Peoples of the Sea as well as the Saxon confederation.

50 BC saw the Germanic people of the sea worshipping Ing from that they thought they were come down. They included 4 tribes that ran as a federation:.

  • The Engle– later the Angles– The English.
  • The Seax– named after their battling knife– later the Saxons (Sons of the Sword.).
  • The Eote– later the Jutes.
  • The Friese– The Frisians.

Accomplished fishermen and also sea raiders, they were knowledgeable seafarers long before their relatives the Vikings Occupying the Northern part of Germania, they maintained in call with various other Nordic peoples, as well as understood the North Sea as well as Baltic well. They also understand of Alba, its abundant lands, as well as eventually when the Romans inhabited the island, its weak set of Romano-Brythonic people. These were warlike times when leaders of people were ultimate warriors. They would certainly old the arts in ridicule. Uneducated essentially, they were oddly sufficient to later on create a few of one of the most startling manuscripts as well as jewellery ever before seen. The summary of the specific Germanic Sea people below hence needs to be put in the context of these times. They are described as confederation by the Greek Ptolemy in his work Geography in 150 AD.

The Jutes.

The Eote as they were recognized or Ytene as the Saxons called them later. They provided their name to Jutland, where they are still known by that name.

The Frisians.

Occupied the distinctive set of islands simply off the North German coast. Separated as well as resourceful they would have fitted well with the confederation of Germanic Sea Peoples.

The Seax – The Saxons (contemporary term,)– ‘Sons of the Sword’.

Truly a formidable Germanic sea people. Charlemagne (742 ADVERTISEMENT to 814 AD,) called them ‘relentless’. In 470 ADVERTISEMENT Sidonious informs of how they would provide to the ‘magnificent spearman of the sea.’ He describes how after raiding lands to the South, they picked one tenth of the prisoners to be tortured or drowned in the hope of getting beneficial seas. They robbed coast lines as much southern as Spain. Eutropius reported that by 280 AD they were respected pirates.

The Sons of the Sword were a truly merciless people. Tacitus tells of how their own ‘sodomites and also law offenders’ were drowned in bogs. This ferocity meant the battleground.

On land the Saxons were a much feared opponent. An instance of Germanic ferocity is that of the Battle in the Teutoburg woodland (German Teutoburger Wald): In 9 BC, Hermann a Germanic battle lord assailed three legions in the forest. Over 2 days days, whilst thunder as well as lightening crashed expenses, the entire Roman army was obliterated and also Germania stayed independent from Roman rule. Roman legionnaires were hung from trees or tossed right into wolf pits. Heads were nailed to trees. Garments, tools. equines, tack, and saddles were destroyed. One could see this later in the Saxon invasion of Britain from AD 449.

The Suth Seax under Ælle entraped a host of Romano-Brythons in Pevensey castle in the South coast of what is currently England as well as eliminated every one of them to honour Woden. In Suffolk a county of contemporary England there is a location called Woolpit. It was except woollen. When the Saxons moved into Winchester additionally in the South of England it had a totally working Roman design online forum. When the Saxons had completed it was and also still is hard core. Chester, among the largest cities outside Rome – it was levelled such was the hatred the Saxon confederation has for the Romans and also the injuries they had inflicted over some 400 yaers and even more.